Der irische Schriftsteller Oscar Wilde wird am wegen Homosexualität und Sodomie verurteilt. Es folgten Redeverbot, Schreibverbot. Oscar Wilde. Dublin - Paris Oscar Fingal O' Flahertie Wills Wilde, kurz Oscar Wilde, wird am Oktober in Dublin geboren. Schon früh. Oscar Fingal O' Flahertie Wills Wilde (* Oktober in Dublin; † November in Paris) war ein irischer Schriftsteller. Das Leben und der Ruf von.
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Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde war ein irischer Schriftsteller, der sich nach Schulzeit und Studium in Dublin und Oxford in London niederließ. Als Lyriker, Romanautor, Dramatiker und Kritiker wurde er zu einem der bekanntesten und. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (* Oktober in Dublin; † November in Paris) war ein irischer Schriftsteller, der sich nach Schulzeit und. Oscar (Fingal O'Flahertie Wills) Wilde wurde am Oktober in Dublin geboren. Seine Mutter war die Dichterin Jane Francesca Elgee, sein Vater ein. Oscar Fingal O' Flahertie Wills Wilde (* Oktober in Dublin; † November in Paris) war ein irischer Schriftsteller. Das Leben und der Ruf von. Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (* Oktober in Dublin; † November in Paris) war ein irischer Schriftsteller. Name:Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde. Alias:Oscar Wilde. Geboren am SternzeichenWaage - Geburtsort:Dublin (IR). Verstorben. Zitate und Sprüche von Oscar Wilde Auf seine eigene Art zu denken ist nicht selbstsüchtig. Wer nicht auf seine eigene Art denkt, denkt überhaupt nicht.
Oscar (Fingal O'Flahertie Wills) Wilde wurde am Oktober in Dublin geboren. Seine Mutter war die Dichterin Jane Francesca Elgee, sein Vater ein. 1 Oscar Wilde (); 2 Zitate mit Quellenangabe. Bunbury oder Ernst muß man sein - Bunbury or The Importance of Being Earnest; Das Bildnis. Name:Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde. Alias:Oscar Wilde. Geboren am SternzeichenWaage - Geburtsort:Dublin (IR). Verstorben.
La vraie vie est si souvent celle qu'on ne vit pas. Chaque fois qu'on produit un effet, on se donne un ennemi.
C'est la raison pour laquelle on ne devrait jamais se marier. La mode est ce que l'on porte. Qu'est-ce qu'un cynique? Ce n'est pas juste que des hommes soient plus heureux que d'autres.
Oscar Wilde. Auteur :. Personnage de fiction :. Internaute :. Sexe : Tous Homme Femme. Pas besoin de mot de passe.
The census records the Wildes' residence at 16 Tite Street,  where he lived with his wife Constance and two sons.
Wilde though, not content with being better known than ever in London, returned to Paris in October , this time as a respected writer.
He had continued his interest in the theatre and now, after finding his voice in prose, his thoughts turned again to the dramatic form as the biblical iconography of Salome filled his mind.
A tragedy, it tells the story of Salome, the stepdaughter of the tetrarch Herod Antipas , who, to her stepfather's dismay but mother 's delight, requests the head of Jokanaan John the Baptist on a silver platter as a reward for dancing the Dance of the Seven Veils.
When Wilde returned to London just before Christmas the Paris Echo referred to him as "le great event" of the season. Wilde, who had first set out to irritate Victorian society with his dress and talking points, then outrage it with Dorian Gray , his novel of vice hidden beneath art, finally found a way to critique society on its own terms.
Lady Windermere's Fan was first performed on 20 February at St James's Theatre, packed with the cream of society.
On the surface a witty comedy, there is subtle subversion underneath: "it concludes with collusive concealment rather than collective disclosure".
The play was enormously popular, touring the country for months, but largely trashed by conservative critics.
His first hit play was followed by A Woman of No Importance in , another Victorian comedy, revolving around the spectre of illegitimate births, mistaken identities and late revelations.
Peter Raby said these essentially English plays were well-pitched, "Wilde, with one eye on the dramatic genius of Ibsen, and the other on the commercial competition in London's West End , targeted his audience with adroit precision".
An intimate friendship sprang up between Wilde and Douglas and by Wilde was infatuated with Douglas and they consorted together regularly in a tempestuous affair.
If Wilde was relatively indiscreet, even flamboyant, in the way he acted, Douglas was reckless in public. Douglas soon initiated Wilde into the Victorian underground of gay prostitution and Wilde was introduced to a series of young working-class male prostitutes from onwards by Alfred Taylor.
These infrequent rendezvous usually took the same form: Wilde would meet the boy, offer him gifts, dine him privately and then take him to a hotel room.
Unlike Wilde's idealised relations with Ross, John Gray , and Douglas, all of whom remained part of his aesthetic circle, these consorts were uneducated and knew nothing of literature.
Soon his public and private lives had become sharply divided; in De Profundis he wrote to Douglas that "It was like feasting with panthers; the danger was half the excitement I did not know that when they were to strike at me it was to be at another's piping and at another's pay.
Douglas and some Oxford friends founded a journal, The Chameleon , to which Wilde "sent a page of paradoxes originally destined for the Saturday Review ".
Lord Alfred's father, the Marquess of Queensberry , was known for his outspoken atheism, brutish manner and creation of the modern rules of boxing.
In June , he called on Wilde at 16 Tite Street, without an appointment, and clarified his stance: "I do not say that you are it, but you look it, and pose at it, which is just as bad.
And if I catch you and my son again in any public restaurant I will thrash you" to which Wilde responded: "I don't know what the Queensberry rules are, but the Oscar Wilde rule is to shoot on sight".
He did not wish to bear Queensberry's insults, but he knew to confront him could lead to disaster were his liaisons disclosed publicly. Wilde's final play again returns to the theme of switched identities: the play's two protagonists engage in "bunburying" the maintenance of alternative personas in the town and country which allows them to escape Victorian social mores.
Mostly set in drawing rooms and almost completely lacking in action or violence, Earnest lacks the self-conscious decadence found in The Picture of Dorian Gray and Salome.
The play, now considered Wilde's masterpiece , was rapidly written in Wilde's artistic maturity in late Both author and producer assiduously revised, prepared and rehearsed every line, scene and setting in the months before the premiere, creating a carefully constructed representation of late-Victorian society, yet simultaneously mocking it.
Premieres at St James's seemed like "brilliant parties", and the opening of The Importance of Being Earnest was no exception.
Allan Aynesworth who played Algernon recalled to Hesketh Pearson , "In my fifty-three years of acting, I never remember a greater triumph than [that] first night.
Wilde's professional success was mirrored by an escalation in his feud with Queensberry. Queensberry had planned to insult Wilde publicly by throwing a bouquet of rotting vegetables onto the stage; Wilde was tipped off and had Queensberry barred from entering the theatre.
On 18 February , the Marquess left his calling card at Wilde's club, the Albemarle , inscribed: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite" [ sic ].
Queensberry was arrested for criminal libel ; a charge carrying a possible sentence of up to two years in prison. Under the Libel Act , Queensberry could avoid conviction for libel only by demonstrating that his accusation was in fact true, and furthermore that there was some "public benefit" to having made the accusation openly.
The scene was witnessed by George Bernard Shaw who recalled it to Arthur Ransome a day or so before Ransome's trial for libelling Douglas in To Ransome it confirmed what he had said in his book on Wilde; that Douglas's rivalry for Wilde with Robbie Ross and his arguments with his father had resulted in Wilde's public disaster; as Wilde wrote in De Profundis.
Douglas lost his case. A team of private detectives had directed Queensberry's lawyers, led by Edward Carson QC , to the world of the Victorian underground.
Wilde's association with blackmailers and male prostitutes, cross-dressers and homosexual brothels was recorded, and various persons involved were interviewed, some being coerced to appear as witnesses since they too were accomplices to the crimes of which Wilde was accused.
The trial opened at the Old Bailey on 3 April before Justice Richard Henn Collins amid scenes of near hysteria both in the press and the public galleries.
The extent of the evidence massed against Wilde forced him to declare meekly, "I am the prosecutor in this case". He characterised the first as a "prose sonnet" and admitted that the "poetical language" might seem strange to the court but claimed its intent was innocent.
He claimed to regard the letters as works of art rather than something of which to be ashamed. Carson, a fellow Dubliner who had attended Trinity College, Dublin at the same time as Wilde, cross-examined Wilde on how he perceived the moral content of his works.
Wilde replied with characteristic wit and flippancy, claiming that works of art are not capable of being moral or immoral but only well or poorly made, and that only "brutes and illiterates", whose views on art "are incalculably stupid", would make such judgements about art.
Carson, a leading barrister, diverged from the normal practice of asking closed questions. Carson pressed Wilde on each topic from every angle, squeezing out nuances of meaning from Wilde's answers, removing them from their aesthetic context and portraying Wilde as evasive and decadent.
While Wilde won the most laughs from the court, Carson scored the most legal points. Playing on this, he returned to the topic throughout his cross-examination.
Carson then moved to the factual evidence and questioned Wilde about his friendships with younger, lower-class men. Wilde admitted being on a first-name basis and lavishing gifts upon them, but insisted that nothing untoward had occurred and that the men were merely good friends of his.
Carson repeatedly pointed out the unusual nature of these relationships and insinuated that the men were prostitutes. Wilde replied that he did not believe in social barriers, and simply enjoyed the society of young men.
Then Carson asked Wilde directly whether he had ever kissed a certain servant boy, Wilde responded, "Oh, dear no. Wilde hesitated, then for the first time became flustered: "You sting me and insult me and try to unnerve me; and at times one says things flippantly when one ought to speak more seriously.
In his opening speech for the defence, Carson announced that he had located several male prostitutes who were to testify that they had had sex with Wilde.
On the advice of his lawyers, Wilde dropped the prosecution. Queensberry was found not guilty, as the court declared that his accusation that Wilde was "posing as a Somdomite [ sic ]" was justified, "true in substance and in fact".
After Wilde left the court, a warrant for his arrest was applied for on charges of sodomy and gross indecency. Robbie Ross found Wilde at the Cadogan Hotel,  Pont Street , Knightsbridge , with Reginald Turner ; both men advised Wilde to go at once to Dover and try to get a boat to France; his mother advised him to stay and fight.
Wilde, lapsing into inaction, could only say, "The train has gone. It's too late. Events moved quickly and his prosecution opened on 26 April , before Mr Justice Charles.
Wilde pleaded not guilty. He had already begged Douglas to leave London for Paris, but Douglas complained bitterly, even wanting to give evidence; he was pressed to go and soon fled to the Hotel du Monde.
Fearing persecution, Ross and many others also left the United Kingdom during this time. Under cross examination Wilde was at first hesitant, then spoke eloquently:.
Charles Gill prosecuting : What is " the love that dare not speak its name "? Wilde: "The love that dare not speak its name" in this century is such a great affection of an elder for a younger man as there was between David and Jonathan, such as Plato made the very basis of his philosophy, and such as you find in the sonnets of Michelangelo and Shakespeare.
It is that deep spiritual affection that is as pure as it is perfect. It dictates and pervades great works of art, like those of Shakespeare and Michelangelo, and those two letters of mine, such as they are.
It is in this century misunderstood, so much misunderstood that it may be described as "the love that dare not speak its name", and on that account of it I am placed where I am now.
It is beautiful, it is fine, it is the noblest form of affection. There is nothing unnatural about it. It is intellectual, and it repeatedly exists between an older and a younger man, when the older man has intellect, and the younger man has all the joy, hope and glamour of life before him.
That it should be so, the world does not understand. The world mocks at it, and sometimes puts one in the pillory for it. This response was counter-productive in a legal sense as it only served to reinforce the charges of homosexual behaviour.
The trial ended with the jury unable to reach a verdict. Wilde's counsel, Sir Edward Clarke, was finally able to get a magistrate to allow Wilde and his friends to post bail.
The final trial was presided over by Mr Justice Wills. On 25 May Wilde and Alfred Taylor were convicted of gross indecency and sentenced to two years' hard labour.
May I say nothing, my Lord? He first entered Newgate Prison in London for processing, then was moved to Pentonville Prison , where the "hard labour" to which he had been sentenced consisted of many hours of walking a treadmill and picking oakum separating the fibres in scraps of old navy ropes ,  and where prisoners were allowed to read only the Bible and The Pilgrim's Progress.
A few months later he was moved to Wandsworth Prison in London. Inmates there also followed the regimen of "hard labour, hard fare and a hard bed", which wore harshly on Wilde's delicate health.
His right ear drum was ruptured in the fall, an injury that later contributed to his death. Richard B. The transfer itself was the lowest point of his incarceration, as a crowd jeered and spat at him on the railway platform.
About five months after Wilde arrived at Reading Gaol, Charles Thomas Wooldridge , a trooper in the Royal Horse Guards, was brought to Reading to await his trial for murdering his wife on 29 March ; on 17 June Wooldridge was sentenced to death and returned to Reading for his execution, which took place on Tuesday, 7 July — the first hanging at Reading in 18 years.
Wilde was not, at first, even allowed paper and pen but Haldane eventually succeeded in allowing access to books and writing materials.
Between January and March Wilde wrote a 50,word letter to Douglas. He was not allowed to send it, but was permitted to take it with him when released from prison.
His own estimation of himself was: one who "stood in symbolic relations to the art and culture of my age". The second half of the letter traces Wilde's spiritual journey of redemption and fulfilment through his prison reading.
He realised that his ordeal had filled his soul with the fruit of experience, however bitter it tasted at the time.
I wanted to eat of the fruit of all the trees in the garden of the world And so, indeed, I went out, and so I lived.
My only mistake was that I confined myself so exclusively to the trees of what seemed to me the sun-lit side of the garden, and shunned the other side for its shadow and its gloom.
Wilde was released from prison on 19 May  and sailed that evening for Dieppe, France. On his release, he gave the manuscript to Ross, who may or may not have carried out Wilde's instructions to send a copy to Douglas who later denied having received it.
The letter was partially published in as De Profundis ; its complete and correct publication first occurred in in The Letters of Oscar Wilde.
Though Wilde's health had suffered greatly from the harshness and diet of prison, he had a feeling of spiritual renewal. He immediately wrote to the Society of Jesus requesting a six-month Catholic retreat; when the request was denied, Wilde wept.
He spent his last three years impoverished and in exile. His discussion of the dismissal of Warder Martin for giving biscuits to an anaemic child prisoner repeated the themes of the corruption and degeneration of punishment that he had earlier outlined in The Soul of Man under Socialism.
Wilde spent mid with Robert Ross in the seaside village of Berneval-le-Grand in northern France, where he wrote The Ballad of Reading Gaol , narrating the execution of Charles Thomas Wooldridge , who murdered his wife in a rage at her infidelity.
It moves from an objective story-telling to symbolic identification with the prisoners. Wilde juxtaposes the executed man and himself with the line "Yet each man kills the thing he loves".
Although Douglas had been the cause of his misfortunes, he and Wilde were reunited in August at Rouen. This meeting was disapproved of by the friends and families of both men.
Constance Wilde was already refusing to meet Wilde or allow him to see their sons, though she sent him money — three pounds a week.
During the latter part of , Wilde and Douglas lived together near Naples for a few months until they were separated by their families under the threat of cutting off all funds.
Pray do what you can" he wrote to his publisher. He wandered the boulevards alone and spent what little money he had on alcohol.
Soon Wilde was sufficiently confined to his hotel to joke, on one of his final trips outside, "My wallpaper and I are fighting a duel to the death.
One of us has got to go". Please come". By 25 November Wilde had developed meningitis , then called "cerebral meningitis". Robbie Ross arrived on 29 November, sent for a priest, and Wilde was conditionally baptised into the Catholic Church by Fr Cuthbert Dunne, a Passionist priest from Dublin,   Wilde having been baptised in the Church of Ireland and having moreover a recollection of Catholic baptism as a child, a fact later attested to by the minister of the sacrament, Fr Lawrence Fox.
As the voiture rolled through the dark streets that wintry night, the sad story of Oscar Wilde was in part repeated to me Robert Ross knelt by the bedside, assisting me as best he could while I administered conditional baptism, and afterwards answering the responses while I gave Extreme Unction to the prostrate man and recited the prayers for the dying.
As the man was in a semi-comatose condition, I did not venture to administer the Holy Viaticum ; still I must add that he could be roused and was roused from this state in my presence.
When roused, he gave signs of being inwardly conscious Indeed I was fully satisfied that he understood me when told that I was about to receive him into the Catholic Church and gave him the Last Sacraments And when I repeated close to his ear the Holy Names, the Acts of Contrition , Faith, Hope and Charity, with acts of humble resignation to the Will of God, he tried all through to say the words after me.
Wilde died of meningitis on 30 November The modernist angel depicted as a relief on the tomb was originally complete with male genitalia, which were initially censored by French Authorities with a golden leaf.
The genitals have since been vandalised; their current whereabouts are unknown. In , Leon Johnson, a multimedia artist, installed a silver prosthesis to replace them.
The epitaph is a verse from The Ballad of Reading Gaol ,. And alien tears will fill for him Pity's long-broken urn, For his mourners will be outcast men, And outcasts always mourn.
In , Wilde was among an estimated 50, men who were pardoned for homosexual acts that were no longer considered offences under the Policing and Crime Act homosexuality was decriminalised in England and Wales in The Act implements what is known informally as the Alan Turing law.
Wilde's life has been the subject of numerous biographies since his death. The earliest were memoirs by those who knew him: often they are personal or impressionistic accounts which can be good character sketches, but are sometimes factually unreliable.
Oscar Wilde and Myself , largely ghost-written by T. Crosland , vindictively reacted to Douglas's discovery that De Profundis was addressed to him and defensively tried to distance him from Wilde's scandalous reputation.
Both authors later regretted their work. Of Wilde's other close friends, Robert Sherard ; Robert Ross , his literary executor; and Charles Ricketts variously published biographies, reminiscences or correspondence.
Oscar Wilde, a critical study by Arthur Ransome was published in Often speculative in nature, it was widely criticised for its pure conjecture and lack of scholarly rigour.
Robert Ross, 23 December . The book incorporates rediscovered letters and other documents and is the most extensively researched biography of Wilde to appear since Parisian literati, also produced several biographies and monographs on him.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 3 November This article is about the 19th-century author.
For other uses, see Oscar Wilde disambiguation. Aesthetic movement Decadent movement. Constance Lloyd. Cyril Holland Vyvyan Holland.
Main article: The Picture of Dorian Gray. Main article: Salome play. Wilde and Lord Alfred Douglas in Main article: The Importance of Being Earnest.
When first I was put into prison some people advised me to try and forget who I was. It was ruinous advice. It is only by realising what I am that I have found comfort of any kind.
Now I am advised by others to try on my release to forget that I have ever been in a prison at all. I know that would be equally fatal.
To regret one's own experiences is to arrest one's own development. To deny one's own experiences is to put a lie into the lips of one's own life.
It is no less than a denial of the soul. Further information: De Profundis letter. See also: The Ballad of Reading Gaol. Main article: Oscar Wilde's tomb.
Main article: Biographies of Oscar Wilde. Later on, I think everyone will recognise his achievements; his plays and essays will endure.
Of course, you may think with others that his personality and conversation were far more wonderful than anything he wrote, so that his written works give only a pale reflection of his power.
Perhaps that is so, and of course, it will be impossible to reproduce what is gone forever. For a more comprehensive list, see Oscar Wilde bibliography.
Apparently the editor liked the verse, so switched it to the other magazine so as to attain "a larger and better audience".
It was revised for inclusion in Poems the next year. In any case the Marquess of Queensberry came to believe his sons had been corrupted by older homosexuals or, as he phrased it in a letter in the aftermath of Drumlanrig's death: "Montgomerys, The Snob Queers like Rosebery and certainly Christian Hypocrite like Gladstone and the whole lot of you".
Merlin Holland concludes that "what Queensberry almost certainly wrote was "posing somdomite [ sic ]". In , Wilde's son Vyvyan Holland published it again, including parts formerly omitted, but relying on a faulty typescript bequeathed to him by Ross.
Ross's typescript had contained several hundred errors, including typist's mistakes, Ross's "improvements" and other inexplicable omissions.
He pressed our hands. I then went in search of a priest and with great difficulty found Fr Cuthbert Dunne, of the Passionists, who came with me at once and administered Baptism and Extreme Unction — Oscar could not take the Eucharist ".
Retrieved 3 April Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde.
Ann's Church website". Retrieved 15 May The Importance of Being Irish. Retrieved 2 February The Telegraph. Retrieved 26 August PS Review of Freemasonry.
Making Oscar Wilde. Oxford University Press. Dublin: A Cultural History. Retrieved 2 March Collected Poems of Oscar Wilde.
Ware: Wordsworth Poetry Library. Retrieved 23 August Murray, Isobel ed. Complete Poetry. Oxford World's Classics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Oscar Wilde in America. Retrieved 15 October Retrieved 12 August Archived from the original on 16 October Woman's Journal.
Retrieved 14 April Today in Literature. Regarding Wilde's visit to Leadville, Colorado, 24 December Saint James, Sussex Gardens, London.
Archived from the original on 8 January The Overlook Press. Retrieved 25 September New York: HarperCollins.
The Guardian. Retrieved 28 September New York Review of Books. Retrieved 1 April The New Yorker.
Retrieved 3 August The Picture of Dorian Gray. From Project Gutenberg transcription. October The Guardian London.
Retrieved 11 August Wilde, Oscar O'Flahertie Wills — , author. National Archives. Retrieved 12 March British Library.
An ideal husband. Act III: London: typescript with extensive autograph revisions, Oscar Wilde and classical antiquity First ed. The Homosexual ity of law.
Oscar Wilde: The Unrepentant Years. Harvard University Press. Carson the Advocate. London: Macmillan. Carson had again and again used the word "pose" with ironic emphasis.
Hartlepool Mail. British Newspaper Archive. Bloomington, Indiana. Cambridge University Press. Oscar Wilde. New York: Alfred A.Oscar Wilde. Dublin - Paris Oscar Fingal O' Flahertie Wills Wilde, kurz Oscar Wilde, wird am Oktober in Dublin geboren. Schon früh. 1 Oscar Wilde (); 2 Zitate mit Quellenangabe. Bunbury oder Ernst muß man sein - Bunbury or The Importance of Being Earnest; Das Bildnis. Viele kennen den irischen Dramatiker Oscar Wilde wegen seiner Theaterstücke wie „Importance of being Earnest“ oder für seinen Roman „Das. Der irische Schriftsteller Oscar Wilde wird am wegen Homosexualität und Sodomie verurteilt. Es folgten Redeverbot, Schreibverbot. Impressum Datenschutz. Weitere Informationen. Am Biografie Werksverzeichnis. Warum Oscar Wilde zum Englisch lernen Oscar Wilde war bekannt für seine The Purge Film Rhetorik, und Cry Baby German Stream in seinem Roman einen Sprachwitz der das Englisch lernen zum Vergnügen macht Weltliteratur, die mehrfach verfilmt wurde, Sprachwitz der zum Schmunzeln bringt — das macht Englisch lernen einzigartig und besonders einprägsam Extensives Oscar Wild und Englisch Got Staffel 6 Stream mit parallelen Texten: Warum? Zugelassene Drittanbieter verwenden diese Tools auch in Verbindung mit der Cinexx von Station 19 Serie durch uns. Das Spannende und wirklich Relevante der Geschichte kommt erst richtig spät. Die Einwilligung kann jederzeit für die Zukunft Sex Machine der Datenschutzerklärung widerrufen werden. Beliebte Autoren. Preis inkl. Cartoons Die Reichen an der Corona- Realität vorbei! Was ich sehr gut fand, waren die beeindruckend wortgewandten Dialoge und Alle Apps Schließen Sarkasmus, der sich durch die komplette Geschichte zieht. Die Illustrationen sind nett anzusehen und schmücken die Geschichte damit recht hübsch und bildlich aus. Doch die scheinbare Einmütigkeit des populistischen Moralverdikts gegen Om Shanti Om Streamcloud der Homophilie angeklagten Autor täuscht. In den folgenden Jahren schrieb Oscar Wilde etwa jährlich ein neues Werk, vor allem Gesellschaftskomödien.
In many of his works, exposure of a secret sin or indiscretion and consequent disgrace is a central design. Accused, finally, by the marquess of being a sodomite, Wilde, urged by Douglas, sued for criminal libel.
Urged to flee to France by his friends, Wilde refused, unable to believe that his world was at an end. He was arrested and ordered to stand trial.
Wilde testified brilliantly, but the jury failed to reach a verdict. In the retrial he was found guilty and sentenced, in May , to two years at hard labour.
Most of his sentence was served at Reading Gaol, where he wrote a long letter to Douglas published in in a drastically cut version as De Profundis filled with recriminations against the younger man for encouraging him in dissipation and distracting him from his work.
In May Wilde was released, a bankrupt, and immediately went to France, hoping to regenerate himself as a writer. His only remaining work, however, was The Ballad of Reading Gaol , revealing his concern for inhumane prison conditions.
He died suddenly of acute meningitis brought on by an ear infection. In his semiconscious final moments, he was received into the Roman Catholic Church , which he had long admired.
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The novel is a cautionary tale about a beautiful young man, Dorian Gray, who wishes and receives his wish that his portrait ages while he remains youthful and lives a life of sin and pleasure.
Though the novel is now revered as a great and classic work, at the time critics were outraged by the book's apparent lack of morality.
Wilde vehemently defended himself in a preface to the novel, considered one of the great testaments to aestheticism, in which he wrote, "an ethical sympathy in an artist is an unpardonable mannerism of style" and "vice and virtue are to the artist materials for an art.
Wilde's first play, Lady Windermere's Fan , opened in February to widespread popularity and critical acclaim, encouraging Wilde to adopt playwriting as his primary literary form.
Over the next few years, Wilde produced several great plays—witty, highly satirical comedies of manners that nevertheless contained dark and serious undertones.
Around the same time that he was enjoying his greatest literary success, Wilde commenced an affair with a young man named Lord Alfred Douglas.
On February 18, , Douglas's father, the Marquis of Queensberry, who had gotten wind of the affair, left a calling card at Wilde's home addressed to "Oscar Wilde: Posing Somdomite," a misspelling of sodomite.
Although Wilde's homosexuality was something of an open secret, he was so outraged by Queensberry's note that he sued him for libel. The decision ruined his life.
When the trial began in March, Queensberry and his lawyers presented evidence of Wilde's homosexuality—homoerotic passages from his literary works, as well as his love letters to Douglas—that quickly resulted in the dismissal of Wilde's libel case and his arrest on charges of "gross indecency.
Wilde emerged from prison in , physically depleted, emotionally exhausted and flat broke. He went into exile in France, where, living in cheap hotels and friends' apartments, he briefly reunited with Douglas.
Wilde wrote very little during these last years; his only notable work was a poem he completed in about his experiences in prison, "The Ballad of Reading Gaol.
Wilde died of meningitis on November 30, , at the age of More than a century after his death, Wilde is still better remembered for his personal life—his exuberant personality, consummate wit and infamous imprisonment for homosexuality—than for his literary accomplishments.
Nevertheless, his witty, imaginative and undeniably beautiful works, in particular his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray and his play The Importance of Being Earnest , are considered among the great literary masterpieces of the late Victorian period.
Throughout his entire life, Wilde remained deeply committed to the principles of aestheticism, principles that he expounded through his lectures and demonstrated through his works as well as anyone of his era.
Those who read the symbol do so at their peril. It is the spectator, and not life, that art really mirrors. Diversity of opinion about a work of art shows that the work is new, complex and vital.
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Jonathan Swift was an Irish author and satirist. Best known for writing 'Gulliver's Travels,' he was dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin.InWilde was among Greys Anatomy Izzy estimated 50, men who were pardoned for homosexual acts that were no longer considered offences under the Policing and Crime Act homosexuality was decriminalised in England and Wales in New York: Henry Holt and Co. Baltimore: Penguin Books. Se connecter. Though Kika Online health had suffered greatly from the harshness and diet of prison, he had a feeling of spiritual renewal. Today in Literature.